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Tra concetto e prova: le interazioni del diritto penale con l'epistemologia giudiziaria

Carlo Sotis,Federico Picinali

2010
Humanities
Political science
Philosophy
Il progresso del pensiero giuridico e talvolta ottenuto tramite la rivisitazione di vecchie dicotomie. La granitica separazione tra diritto penale sostanziale e processuale rientra tra queste: si tratta di un’eredita ingombrante che, a ragione, il pensiero penalistico contemporaneo problematizza con sempre maggiore frequenza, mostrando l’opacita della demarcazione tra le due branche e promuovendo un approccio metodologico interdisciplinare. Il presente lavoro riflette criticamente sulla citata dicotomia, in particolare mettendo in luce lo stretto legame tra la creazione e l’interpretazione della disposizione penale, da un lato, e l’accertamento degli enunciati fattuali, dall’altro. La ricostruzione del fatto, analizzata attraverso lo studio dello standard probatorio, e qui intesa come il procedimento che da alla tipicita dimensione effettiva e, pertanto, come l’indefettibile polo dialettico della legalita sostanziale. Affinche quest’ultima possa esplicare le sue fondamentali funzioni garantistiche si reputa necessario non solo che l’accertamento degli enunciati fattuali sia rispettoso dello standard ‘al di la di ogni ragionevole dubbio’, ma anche, e prima ancora, che i concetti penalistici siano suscettibili di essere provati in giudizio. Il lavoro insiste su queste due condizioni invitando il penalista ad accostare l’ispirata riflessione dogmatica a un attento confronto con la realta del processo.


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