¤ Open Access
Toxicology of chemical substances (metals and organic solvents): Management as an occupational physician
Even in Japan, there was a time when cases of occupational poisoning had frequently occurred, which led to the enactment of the Industrial Safety and Health Act in 1972. Currently, the use of only a part of chemical substances utilized in the workplace is regulated according to their designated hazardous level, but there are many other substances whose toxicities have not been elucidated. Risk assessment is now required of entrepreneurs in all categories of industry by the recently-revised Industrial Safety and Health Act. This article will focus on the toxicology of metals and organic solvents, and it will discuss how occupational physicians should manage chemicals, including the ones whose toxicities have not been clarified.
Chemical poisoning and prevention from it
The toxic modes,harzards and grades of chemical poisoning and prevention from it are discussed.Some major toxicity of poisonous solvents are introduced,including aromatics,alcohols and ketones.The preventive measures taken against chemical poisoning for factories are also studied from the production technology,equipment and personal protection.
Physical and chemical properties of halogenated hydrocarbons organic solvents and prevention and protection of their occupational hazards
Analyzing Environmental Policies for Chlorinated Solvents with a Model of Markets and Regulations
Abstract : This analysis concerns the regulation of five chlorinated solvents employed ubiquitously in the economy. These chemicals have many known negative health and environmental effects. The economic model developed in this document, by simulating markets that use chlorinated solvents, can facilitate the design of more coordinated regulations. As such, this research should be of interest to officials in government and industry who make policies that control chlorinated or other hazardous solvents.