DOI: 10.1097/mot.0000000000001025
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Adherence in transplantation

Kristin Kuntz,Kristy Engel

Disease
Economic growth
Organ transplantation
Adequately managing a complex medical regimen is paramount to the success of organ transplants. When patients stray from their prescribed medical regimen posttransplant, graft rejection, and death can occur. Predictors of adherence have been studied for many years, and various factors have been identified as contributing to adequate or poor adherence. Both demographic and personal characteristics have been associated with adherence behavior. However, recent developments, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, increased use of mobile health interventions, and use of medical biomarkers have affected the way adherence is measured and applied.The COVID-19 pandemic affected patients' comfort with accessing outpatient care and created a wider use of telehealth services. Measurement of adherence through serum lab levels continues to be reviewed as a potential objective assessment of adherence. Psychosocial factors continue to be identified as major contributors to nonadherence.Adherence to antirejection medication, lab work, appointments, and exercise and dietary instructions remains critical to the health of the transplant patient. It is critical that providers involved in the selection process and posttransplant treatment of these patients remain well informed of potential new factors affecting adherence.


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