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DOI: 10.1007/s10008-012-1773-9
OpenAccess: Closed
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Electrochemical glucose biosensor based on silver nanoparticles/multiwalled carbon nanotubes modified electrode

Lifei Chen,Huaqing Xie,Jing Li

Cyclic voltammetry
Carbon nanotube
A novel glucose biosensor was fabricated by immobilizing glucose oxidase (GOx) on Ag nanoparticles-decorated multiwalled carbon nanotube (AgNP-MWNT) modified glass carbon electrode (GCE). The AgNP-MWNT composite membrane showed an improving biocompatibility for GOx immobilization and an enhancing electrocatalytic activity toward reduction of oxygen due to decoration of AgNPs on MWNT surfaces. The AgNPs also accelerated the direct electron transfer between redox-active site of GOx and GCE surface because of their excellent conductivity and large capacity for protein loading, leading to direct electrochemistry of GOx. The glucose biosensor of this work showed a lower limit of detection of 0.01 mM (S/N = 3) and a wide linear range from 0.025 to 1.0 mM, indicating an excellent analytical performance of the obtained biosensor to glucose detection. The resulting biosensor exhibits good stability and excellent reproducibility. Such bionanocomposite provides us good candidate material for fabrication of biosensors based on direct electrochemistry of immobilized enzymes.

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