DOI: 10.1007/jhep01(2022)185

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# Conformal conserved currents in embedding space

## Jean-François Fortin,Wen-Jie Ma,Valentina Prilepina,Witold Skiba

Embedding

Physics

Operator (biology)

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Fortin, J.-F., Ma, W.-J., Prilepina, V., & Skiba, W. (2022). Conformal conserved currents in embedding space. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2022(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep01(2022)185

Abstract:

A bstract We study conformal conserved currents in arbitrary irreducible representations of the Lorentz group using the embedding space formalism. With the help of the operator product expansion, we first show that conservation conditions can be fully investigated by considering only two- and three-point correlation functions. We then find an explicitly conformally-covariant differential operator in embedding space that implements conservation based on the standard position space operator product expansion differential operator ∂ μ , although the latter does not uplift to embedding space covariantly. The differential operator in embedding space that imposes conservation is the same differential operator $$ \mathcal{D} $$ <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>D</mml:mi> </mml:math> ijA used in the operator product expansion in embedding space. We provide several examples including conserved currents in irreducible representations that are not symmetric and traceless. With an eye on four-point conformal bootstrap equations for four conserved vector currents 〈 JJJJ 〉 and four energy-momentum tensors 〈 TTTT 〉, we mostly focus on conservation conditions for $$ \left\langle JJ\mathcal{O}\right\rangle $$ <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mfenced> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>JJ</mml:mi> <mml:mi>O</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> </mml:mfenced> </mml:math> and $$ \left\langle TT\mathcal{O}\right\rangle $$ <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mfenced> <mml:mrow> <mml:mi>TT</mml:mi> <mml:mi>O</mml:mi> </mml:mrow> </mml:mfenced> </mml:math> . Finally, we reproduce and extend the consequences of conformal Ward identities at coincident points by determining three-point coefficients in terms of charges.